Asada's mother, Kyoko, lost her battle with liver cirrhosis （肝硬変）and passed away aged 48 / at a Nagoya hospital / in the early hours
of Friday morning / before Mao could reach her bedside.
What is cirrhosis?
Cirrhosis is a condition / in which / the liver slowly deteriorates （悪化する）and
malfunctions （正常に機能しない）/ due to chronic injury. Scar tissue（瘢痕組織） replaces healthy liver tissue（肝組織）, partially blocking the flow of blood / through the liver. Scarring
also impairs （効果をなくす） the liver's ability to
remove bacteria and toxins from the blood
process nutrients, hormones, and drugs
make proteins that regulate blood clotting（血液凝固）
produce bile to help absorb fats—including cholesterol—and fat-soluble vitamins（脂溶性ビタミン）
A healthy liver is able to regenerate most of its own cells when they
become damaged. With end-stage cirrhosis, the liver can no longer
effectively replace damaged cells. A healthy liver is necessary for
deteriorate (transitive 他動詞) to make worse; (intransitive 自動詞 ) to grow
瘢痕組織は the connective tissue that forms a scar傷跡を形成する結合組織のこと。
impair = make worse or less effective
solube 可溶性の able to be dissolved ⇔ insoluble
What is Cirrhosis of the Liver Disease Alcoholism Video
Front View of the Gallbladder 概要
The gallbladder（胆嚢） is a small pouch（小袋）/ that sits just under the liver（肝臓）.
The gallbladder stores bile （胆汁）produced by the liver. After meals, the
gallbladder is empty and flat, like a deflated （しぼんだ）balloon. Before a meal, the gallbladder may be full of bile and about the size
of a small pear（西洋なし）.
In response to signals, the gallbladder squeezes （搾る）stored bile into the small intestine （小腸）/ through a series of tubes called ducts（管）. Bile helps digest （消化する）fats, but the gallbladder itself is not essential. Removing the gallbladder
in an otherwise healthy individual typically causes no observable （明らかな）problems with health or digestion yet there may be a small risk of diarrhea（下痢）
and fat malabsorption（吸収不良）.